Aging & Health A to Z
Causes & Symptoms
Certain risk factors increase your odds of developing ARMD. Aging is the most significant risk factor. Other risk factors include:
- heredity (you run an increased risk if you have or had a close family member with macular degeneration )
- fair skin.
Additional factors that may increase risks of ARMD include:
- high blood pressure
- abnormal cholesterol levels
- too much sun exposure.
Symptoms of dry macular degeneration include:
- having blurry distance or reading vision, or both
- needing increasingly brighter light to see things that are near, such as a book you’re holding
- noticing that colors appear less bright than they used to
- difficulty seeing when moving from a brightly lit area to a dimmer area, as when walking from outdoors into a dimly-lit room on a sunny afternoon
- seeing blank or blurry spots in your central field of vision
- having difficulty recognizing people’s faces.
Symptoms of wet macular degeneration include:
- distorted vision (seeing, for example, straight lines that appear bent, or irregular)
- seeing dark or blank spots in your field of vision
- loss of central vision
- objects looks larger or smaller when viewed with one eye than the other
- colors are not as bright as they used to look, or don’t look the same when viewed separately with each eye.
Updated: March 2012
Posted: March 2012