Women's Health

Causes

As the amount of estrogen produced by the ovaries declines during the transition to menopause, many women experience symptoms caused by lower levels of estrogen in the body. In addition to irregular menstrual cycles, some women have common menopausal symptoms such as:

  • Hot flashes and night sweats
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Fatigue
  • Mood swings
  • Difficulty with memory and concentration
  • Vaginal dryness (which can make intercourse painful)
  • Lowered interest in sex
  • Breast tenderness
  • Problems with urination (Also see Urinary Incontinence)

For many women, these symptoms are most severe during perimenopause, and end once menopause is reached and the body adjusts to the new stable and lower level of estrogen. However, some women experience symptoms, such as hot flashes, for many years after menopause.

Last Updated August 2020