Care & Treatment

While there is no cure for glaucoma, treatment that lowers intraocular fluid pressure can slow the disease and preserve your eyesight. Lifelong treatment is usually needed.

Open-Angle Glaucoma

This type of glaucoma is usually treated with one or more prescription eye drops. These medications either decrease the production or increase the drainage of intraocular fluid to lower intraocular pressure. It is very important to use these medications regularly as prescribed to prevent vision loss. Sometimes oral medications (pills) are also prescribed to further lower intraocular pressure. Some of these medications may cause side effects, particularly in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Always tell your healthcare provider if you think you are having side effects from medications. Surgery or laser surgery may also be necessary to treat open-angle glaucoma.

Angle-Closure Glaucoma 

Angle-closure glaucoma requires emergency treatment to reduce intraocular pressure. Medications are usually used to lower pressure as quickly as possible. Surgery may also be necessary.


Last Updated August 2020