Sleep Problems


You may have insomnia or another sleep problem that needs attention from a healthcare provider if you have noticed the following warning signs:

  • Sleepiness during the day
  • Trouble falling asleep at night
  • Waking up too early in the morning
  • Waking up often at night
  • Trouble going back to sleep
  • Not feeling rested and refreshed in the morning
  • Trouble differentiating between night and day
  • Having a hard time concentrating

Warning Signs for Specific Sleep Problems

Sleep Apnea

Particular signs and symptoms of sleep apnea include:

  • Loud snoring, often with choking or pauses in breathing
  • Feeling very sleepy during the day
  • Having high blood pressure
  • Having a morning headache
  • Personality changes such as increased irritability, confusion, memory problems
  • Urinary incontinence

Restless Leg Syndrome

The following are often signs of restless legs syndrome:

  • An urgent feeling that you must move your legs
  • Signs of physical restlessness, such as pacing, rubbing your legs, tossing and turning in bed
  • Vague discomfort, usually in both calves
  • Symptoms that get worse at night when you lie down to sleep
  • Discomfort that is relieved by walking, stretching, or shaking your legs

Periodic Limb Movement Syndrome

In this syndrome, your leg makes regular movements in which muscles contract tightly causing your big toe to extend, and ankles and knees to bend. Sometimes your hip may also move. These repetitive slow motion spasms occur over and over and last for between 10 to 30 seconds. You may partially wake up, but will probably not be aware of the movements, although your legs may be tired in the morning. Sometimes another body part can move in addition or instead of the legs.

Last Updated August 2020