Care & Treatment

Treatment for anemia will depend on the type of anemia a person has.

Iron-deficiency anemia may require oral iron supplements for 6 months or longer. Orange juice or oral vitamin C supplements can help a person use the iron. Some drugs and supplements interfere with a person’s ability to absorb iron, such as calcium supplements and some antibiotics. Oral iron supplements can cause nausea and vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, and dark stools. If side effects create problems, your healthcare provider may suggest different dosing.

Anemia due to vitamin B12 or folate deficiency may require vitamin B12 or folic acid supplements.

Hemolytic anemia may require steroids or surgery to remove an enlarged spleen.

Anemia caused by kidney disease or chemotherapy might require injections to increase a person’s red blood cell production. Severe anemia may require a blood transfusion.


Last Updated November 2022

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