The risk of arthritis increases with:

  • Getting older. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout are more common in older adults.
  • Being overweight or obese.
  • Having previous injuries or infections that affected a joint.
  • Playing sports or doing repetitive work that puts extra stress on some joints.
  • Genetics. Genes related to the immune system are linked to a higher risk of having rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Gender. Women are more likely to get rheumatoid arthritis, but men have gout more often than women.
  • Medications. Certain medications raise the risk of gout flares.
  • Diet and lifestyle choices. Eating a lot of animal products (e.g., meat, fish, shellfish, eggs, dairy), drinking alcohol, or consuming sugary products increase risk of gout.


Last Updated April 2023

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